# Why is the emission spectrum of hydrogen a line spectrum?

## Why is the emission spectrum of hydrogen a line spectrum?

Emission Spectrum of Hydrogen atom in gaseous phase consists of line due to descrete energy of different orbit of atom , when it jumps from higher level to lower level it emits radiation in the form of infrared visible or ultraviolet , line because a atom is transit.

## Why are only 4 lines seen in the hydrogen emission spectrum?

This is explained in the Bohr model by the realization that the electron orbits are not equally spaced. The electron energy level diagram for the hydrogen atom. He found that the four visible spectral lines corresponded to transitions from higher energy levels down to the second energy level (n 2)

## What is the formula of line spectrum of hydrogen?

The emission spectrum of atomic hydrogen has been divided into a number of spectral series, with wavelengths given by the Rydberg formula. These observed spectral lines are due to the electron making transitions between two energy levels in an atom.

Pfund series (n′ = 5)

 n λ, vacuum (nm) 6 7460 7 4654 8 3741 9 3297

## How many lines does hydrogen emission spectrum have?

So, there are four lines in the visible spectrum of hydrogen. There are, of course, lots of other lines in hydrogen’s spectrum but they are all outside of our visible range so we cannot see them with our naked eye (and a diffraction grating).

## Why the emission spectrum of hydrogen atom is a line spectrum?

The emission spectrum of atomic hydrogen has been divided into a number of spectral series, with wavelengths given by the Rydberg formula. These observed spectral lines are due to the electron making transitions between two energy levels in an atom

## Is hydrogen spectrum a line spectrum?

Recall that the atomic emission spectrum of hydrogen had spectral lines consisting of four different frequencies. The electron energy level diagram for the hydrogen atom. He found that the four visible spectral lines corresponded to transitions from higher energy levels down to the second energy level (n 2).

## Why hydrogen has a line spectrum and not a continuous spectrum in its emission spectrum?

Remember that the hydrogen spectrum is not a continuous spectrum. It’s a set of discrete lines determined by the changes in energy a hydrogen atom undergoes when exposed to energy. It gives off photons of discrete energies/wavelengths, hence the color of the lines.

## Why does hydrogen only emit 4 colors?

Although hydrogen has only one electron, it contains many energy levels. When its electron jumps from higher energy level to a lower one, it releases a photon. Those photons cause different colours of light of different wavelengths due to the different levels.

## Why are only four lines visible for hydrogen when calculations show many possible emission lines?

1 Expert Answer The key word here is visible. The human eye is only sensitive to light with wavelength between about 400 and 700 nm. If you calculate the emission spectrum of hydrogen, you will find that only four emission lines have wavelengths in this range.

## How many lines would be in the emission spectrum of hydrogen?

These are the so-called Balmer series of transitions that take the electron from n 2 to 3, 4, 5 and 6. The 5th line of this series (n 2 7) occurs at 396.7 nm which is just beyond our ability to see. So, there are four lines in the visible spectrum of hydrogen.

## Why can’t a single atom of hydrogen produce all four hydrogen spectral lines?

Explain why a single atom of hydrogen cannot produce all four hydrogen spectral lines simultaneously. A single hydrogen atom only has one electron so it can’t have all four transitions at the same time.

## What is the formula of hydrogen spectrum?

The observed hydrogen-spectrum wavelengths can be calculated using the following formula: 1λ=R(1n2f−1n2i) 1 λ = R ( 1 n f 2 − 1 n i 2 ) , where λ is the wavelength of the emitted EM radiation and R is the Rydberg constant, determined by the experiment to be R = 1.097 × 107 / m (or m1).

## What is the formula for number of spectral lines?

These are the spectral lines which shall occur when electron jumps from 6th orbit to the ground state. As you can see we have 15 spectral lines. So if an electron jumps from nth orbit to ground state, total n(n-1)/2 no. of spectral lines are formed.

## What is Balmer formula?

Johann Balmer, a Swiss mathematician, discovered (1885) that the wavelengths of the visible hydrogen lines can be expressed by a simple formula: the reciprocal wavelength (1/u03bb) is equal to a constant (R) times the difference between two terms, 1/4 In principles of physical science: Compilation of data.

## What is the formula for Lyman series?

In physics and chemistry, the Lyman series is a hydrogen spectral series of transitions and resulting ultraviolet emission lines of the hydrogen atom as an electron goes from n ≥ 2 to n = 1 (where n is the principal quantum number), the lowest energy level of the electron.

## How many emission spectral lines are possible?

These are the so-called Balmer series of transitions that take the electron from n 2 to 3, 4, 5 and 6. The 5th line of this series (n 2 7) occurs at 396.7 nm which is just beyond our ability to see. So, there are four lines in the visible spectrum of hydrogen.

## How are lines produced in hydrogen emission spectrum?

Assigning particular electron jumps to individual lines in the spectrum. The higher the frequency, the higher the energy of the light. If an electron falls from the 3-level to the 2-level, red light is seen. This is the origin of the red line in the hydrogen spectrum.