Table of Contents

## Why is Modigliani-Miller theorem important?

The Modigliani-Miller theorem explains **the relationship between a company’s capital asset structure and dividend policy and its market value and cost of capital; the theorem demonstrates that how a manufacturing company funds its activities is less important than the profitability of those activities.**

## What are the assumptions of Modigliani and Miller approach?

The Modigliani and Miller Approach **assumes that there are no taxes, but in the real world, this is far from the truth. Most countries, if not all, tax companies. This theory recognizes the tax benefits accrued by interest payments. The interest paid on borrowed funds is tax deductible.**

## What is Modigliani and Miller’s first proposition?

The first proposition states that **tax shields that result from the tax-deductible interest payments make the value of a levered company higher than the value of an unlevered company. The main rationale behind the theorem is that tax-deductible interest payments positively affect a company’s cash flows.**

## What is meant by MM approach?

This suggests that **the valuation of a firm is irrelevant to the capital structure of a company. Whether a firm is high on leverage or has a lower debt component has no bearing on its market value.**

## What is the impact of the Modigliani-Miller theorem on banks?

Savers can fund fruit trees either directly (without the bank) or by purchasing the debt or equity of the bank. The Modigliani Miller theorem implies that **savers will fund the same amount of fruit trees, regardless of what the bank doesin fact, regardless of whether the bank even exists.**

## What is the major assumption of pure MM theory?

The basic theorem states that **in the absence of taxes, bankruptcy costs, agency costs, and asymmetric information, and in an efficient market, the enterprise value of a firm is unaffected by how that firm is financed.**

## What are the four main assumptions of the Modigliani Miller model?

**The basic Modigliani-Miller models proposition is based on the following key assumptions:**

- There are no taxes.
- No transaction costs, as well as bankruptcy cost, is nil.
- There is a symmetry of information.
- The cost of borrowing is the same for investors as well as companies.
- There is no floatation cost.

## What is MM approach to the problem of capital structure under what assumption of their conclusion hold good?

The Modigliani and Miller Approach indicates that **the value of a leveraged firm (a firm that has a mix of debt and equity) is the same as the value of an unleveraged firm (a firm that is wholly financed by equity). If the operating profits and future prospects are the same.**

## What are the assumptions used by Modigliani and Miller in support of the irrelevance of dividends?

The basic theorem states that **in the absence of taxes, bankruptcy costs, agency costs, and asymmetric information, and in an efficient market, the enterprise value of a firm is unaffected by how that firm is financed.**

## What is Miller and Modigliani approach?

The Theory Modigliani and Miller suggested that in a perfect world with no taxes or bankruptcy cost, the dividend policy is irrelevant. They **proposed that the dividend policy of a company has no effect on the stock price of a company or the company’s capital structure**

## Which of the following is not an assumption in the Miller and Modigliani approach?

The Modigliani and Miller approach to capital theory, devised in the 1950s, **advocates the capital structure irrelevancy theory. This suggests that the valuation of a firm is irrelevant to the capital structure of a company. Rather, the market value of a firm is solely dependent on the operating profits of the company.**

## What is MM’s proposition 1?

Miller and Modigliani theory mentions two propositions. Proposition I states **that the market value of any firm is independent of the amount of debt or equity in capital structure. Proposition II states that the cost of equity is directly related and incremental to the percentage of debt in capital structure.**

## What is M and M proposition?

The Modigliani-Miller theorem (MM) states **that the market value of a company is correctly calculated as the present value of its future earnings and its underlying assets, and is independent of its capital structure.**

## What is MM proposition I and II without taxes?

MM Proposition I (without taxes): The market value of the company is not affected by the capital structure of the company. **VL VU****MM Proposition II (without taxes): The cost of equity is a linear function of the company’s debt/equity ratio.**

## What is assumption of MM approach?

MM model assumes that **there are no floatation costs and no time gaps are required in raising new equity capital. In the practical world, floatation costs must be incurred and legal formalities must be completed and then issues can be floated in the market.**

## How do you find the MM theory?

**The MM Theory is based on certain set of assumptions:**

## What is the criticism of MM approach?

M-M theory is also criticize for the reason that **it ignores the corporate taxation and personal taxation. Retained earnings: It also ignores personal aspect of financing through retained earnings. In real world , corporate will not pay out the entire earnings in the form of dividends.**

## What is arbitrage process in MM approach?

Arbitrage process: It is the **process facilitates the individual investors to buy the investments at lower price at one market and sells them off at higher price in another market. During this process, the investor could save something and this continuous arbitrage process will level the value of the both firms.**

## Do banks satisfy the Modigliani-Miller theorem?

The capital structure of banks has become the focus of an extended debate among policy-makers, regulators and academics. Our theorem shows that **a bank does not satisfy the Modigliani-Miller theorem. The main result indicates that banks will favor leverage instead of equity.**

## What is the importance of the Modigliani-Miller model?

description. The Modigliani-Miller theorem explains **the relationship between a company’s capital asset structure and dividend policy and its market value and cost of capital; the theorem demonstrates that how a manufacturing company funds its activities is less important than the profitability of those activities.**

## What were the key assumptions and implications of the Modigliani and Miller mm models?

M-M theory is also criticize for the reason that **it ignores the corporate taxation and personal taxation. Retained earnings: It also ignores personal aspect of financing through retained earnings. In real world , corporate will not pay out the entire earnings in the form of dividends.**

## What is assumption of Modigliani-Miller theory?

Modigliani and Miller Assumptions The capital structure refers to where the money to finance the operations will come from. The Modigliani-Miller theorem argues **that it does not matter how the firm is financed. In the end, the profitability and viability of the firm is unaffected by its financing decisions.**

## Which is not the assumption of MM theories?

Solution(By Examveda Team) **All the firms pay tax on their income at the same rate is not an assumption in the Miller Modigliani approach. The Modigliani and Miller Approach further states that the market value of a firm is affected by its operating income, apart from the risk involved in the investment.**

## What is M&M hypothesis?

The MM Hypothesis reveals that **if more debt is included in the capital structure of a firm, the same will not increase its value as the benefits of cheaper debt capital are exactly set off by the corresponding increase in the cost of equity, although debt capital is less expensive than the equity capital.**

## Which of the following is the assumption of the MM model of capital structure?

**The firm has an infinite life is the assumption of the MM model on dividend policy. According to Miller and Modigliani Hypothesis or MM Approach, dividend policy has no effect on the price of the shares of the firm and believes that it is the investment policy that increases the firm’s share value.**