Who proposed the learning theory of attachment?
Attachment theory is the joint work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth (Ainsworth Bowlby, 1991 ). Drawing on concepts from ethology, cybernetics, information processing, developmental psychology, and psychoanalysts, John Bowlby formulated the basic tenets of the theory.
What are the 4 theories of attachment?
Bowlby identified four types of attachment styles: secure, anxious-ambivalent, disorganised and avoidant.
How does social learning theory relate to attachment?
Bandura’s social learning theory and Bowlby’s attachment theory. The theory also concludes that children who experience abuse or neglect are likely to develop insecure and disorganized attachments, causing them to extend that same behavior to their own children.
What are the three theories of attachment?
There are three distinct types of attachment style: secure, anxious, and avoidant. Securely attached people generally had a healthy childhood and are better at approaching intimate relationships. Anxious and avoidant people find intimacy more of a struggle.
What is the learning theory of attachment?
The learning theory of attachment is a behaviourist explanation that suggests that attachments develop through classical and/or operant conditioning. It is sometimes referred to as a cupboard love theory, as the infant attaches to the caregiver who provides the food.
What is Michael rutters theory?
Michael Rutter (1981) argued that if a child fails to develop an attachment this is privation, whereas deprivation refers to the loss of or damage to an attachment. Many of the 44 thieves in Bowlby’s study had been moved around a lot during childhood, and had probably never formed an attachment.
What is Ainsworth’s theory of attachment?
Ainsworth’s maternal sensitivity hypothesis argues that a child’s attachment style is dependent on the behavior their mother shows towards them. ‘Sensitive’ mothers are responsive to the child’s needs and respond to their moods and feelings correctly.