Which schedule of reinforcement is the quickest to cause extinction when the reinforcement is removed?

Which schedule of reinforcement is the quickest to cause extinction when the reinforcement is removed?

Among the reinforcement schedules, variable-ratio is the most resistant to extinction, while fixed-interval is the easiest to extinguish.

Is BF Skinner is responsible for establishing the law of effect?

B. F. Skinner is responsible for establishing the law of effect. The discriminative stimulus in operant conditioning is one that predicts the probability of a consequence occurring.

Who is responsible for establishing the law of effect?

Edward Thorndike put forward a Law of effect which stated that any behavior that is followed by pleasant consequences is likely to be repeated, and any behavior followed by unpleasant consequences is likely to be stopped.

What impact does reinforcement have on a behavior?

Operant conditioning is a learning process in which new behaviors are acquired and modified through their association with consequences. Reinforcing a behavior increases the likelihood it will occur again in the future while punishing a behavior decreases the likelihood that it will be repeated.

Which reinforcement schedule will show the fastest extinction?

Among the reinforcement schedules, variable ratio is the most productive and the most resistant to extinction. Fixed interval is the least productive and the easiest to extinguish (Figure 1).

What reinforcement causes extinction?

Causes of Extinction and When It Occurs In operant conditioning, extinction occurs when a response is no longer reinforced following a discriminative stimulus. B. F. Skinner described how he first observed this phenomenon: My first extinction curve showed up by accident.

Which type of reinforcement is more resistant to extinction?

Partial Reinforcement 1ufeff In partial (or intermittent) reinforcement, the response is reinforced only part of the time. Learned behaviors are acquired more slowly with partial reinforcement, but the response is more resistant to extinction.

What type of reinforcement will result in the fastest extinction of a newly learned behavior?

Continuous reinforcement results in relatively fast learning but also rapid extinction of the desired behaviour once the reinforcer disappears. The problem is that because the organism is used to receiving the reinforcement after every behaviour, the responder may give up quickly when it doesn’t appear.

What was B.F. Skinner’s theory?

Edward Thorndike put forward a Law of effect which stated that any behavior that is followed by pleasant consequences is likely to be repeated, and any behavior followed by unpleasant consequences is likely to be stopped.

Who is responsible for the Skinner’s operant conditioning?

The theory of B.F. Skinner is based upon the idea that learning is a function of change in overt behavior. Changes in behavior are the result of an individual’s response to events (stimuli) that occur in the environment.

How did Skinner’s study of behavior differ from Thorndike’s?

psychologist B. F. Skinner

Is B. F. Skinner responsible for establishing the law of effect?

B. F. Skinner is responsible for establishing the law of effect. The discriminative stimulus in operant conditioning is one that predicts the probability of a consequence occurring.

What is the law of effect quizlet?

Law of Effect. The law of effect states that if a response in the presence of a stimulus is followed by a satisfying event, the association between the stimulus and the response is strengthened

What is Skinner’s theory?

B. F. Skinner was one of the most influential of American psychologists. A behaviorist, he developed the theory of operant conditioning — the idea that behavior is determined by its consequences, be they reinforcements or punishments, which make it more or less likely that the behavior will occur again.

What did B. F. Skinner emphasized the importance of?

Watson helped define the study of behavior, anticipated Skinner’s emphasis on operant conditioning, and emphasized the importance of learning and environmental influences in human development.

What impact does reinforcement have on a behavior quizlet?

Reinforcement is any consequence that strengthens behavior. Positive reinforcement adds a desirable stimulus to increase the frequency of a behavior. Negative reinforcement removes an aversive stimulus to increase the frequency of a behavior. Primary reinforces are innately satisfying no learning is required.

How does positive reinforcement affect behavior?

Thus, positive reinforcement occurs when a behavior is encouraged by rewards. If a child enjoys candy and cleaning the room is the desired behavior, the candy is a positive reinforcer (reward) because it is something that is given or added when the behavior occurs. This makes the behavior more likely to recur.

What is reinforcement in behavior?

Reinforcement is defined as a consequence that follows an operant response that increase (or attempts to increase) the likelihood of that response occurring in the future.

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