What part of the cell is responsible for digestion?

What part of the cell is responsible for digestion?

lysosome, subcellular organelle that is found in nearly all types of eukaryotic cells (cells with a clearly defined nucleus) and that is responsible for the digestion of macromolecules, old cell parts, and microorganisms.

What is an organelle?

Organelles are specialized structures that perform various jobs inside cells. The term literally means little organs. In the same way organs, such as the heart, liver, stomach, and kidneys, serve specific functions to keep an organism alive, organelles serve specific functions to keep a cell alive.

Are within the inner membrane of mitochondria and increase its ability to create ATP?

the cristae: expand the surface area of the inner mitochondrial membrane, enhancing its ability to produce ATP, and.

What is the liquid inside a cell called?

Inside the cell there is a large fluid-filled space called the cytoplasm, sometimes called the cytosol. In prokaryotes, this space is relatively free of compartments. In eukaryotes, the cytosol is the soup within which all of the cell’s organelles reside. It is also the home of the cytoskeleton.

What part of the cell does digestion?

The primary sites of intracellular digestion are organelles known as the lysosomes, which are membrane-bounded compartments containing a variety of hydrolytic enzymes.

What controls digestion in a cell?

The main hormones that control digestion are gastrin, secretin, and cholecystokinin (CCK): Gastrin causes the stomach to produce an acid for dissolving and digesting some foods. Gastrin is also necessary for normal cell growth in the lining of the stomach, small intestine, and colon.

What is a organelle simple definition?

An organelle is a subcellular structure that has one or more specific jobs to perform in the cell, much like an organ does in the body. Among the more important cell organelles are the nuclei, which store genetic information; mitochondria, which produce chemical energy; and ribosomes, which assemble proteins.

What is an organelle example?

Membrane-bound organelles are cellular structures that are bound by a biological membrane. Examples of membrane-bound organelles are nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, mitochondria, plastids, lysosomes, and vacuoles

What is organelle and its function?

Organelles are small structures within the cytoplasm that carry out functions necessary to maintain homeostasis in the cell. They are involved in many processes, for example energy production, building proteins and secretions, destroying toxins, and responding to external signals.

What is an organelle give the three examples?

The nucleus, the mitochondrion, the chloroplast, the Golgi apparatus, the lysosome, and the endoplasmic reticulum are all examples of organelles. The definition of an organelle is a structure in a cell with a specific function. An example of an organelle is a centriole.

Which part of the mitochondrion shown enhances its ability to produce ATP?

The cristae greatly expand the surface area of the inner mitochondrial membrane, enhancing the ability of the mitochondria to produce ATP.

Which complex of inner mitochondrial membrane is directly involved in ATP synthesis?

ATP synthase

How is ATP produced in the mitochondria?

Most of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesized during glucose metabolism is produced in the mitochondria through oxidative phosphorylation. This is a complex reaction powered by the proton gradient across the mitochondrial inner membrane, which is generated by mitochondrial respiration.

What does the inner mitochondrial membrane do in ATP synthase?

Mitochondria are known as the powerhouses of the cell. The F1Fo-ATP synthase of the mitochondrial inner membrane produces the bulk of cellular ATP. The respiratory chain complexes pump protons across the inner membrane into the intermembrane space and thereby generate a proton-motive force that drives the ATP synthase.

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