What is the formula for calculating dilutions?
Most commonly, a solution ‘s concentration is expressed in terms of mass percent, mole fraction, molarity, molality, and normality. When calculating dilution factors, it is important that the units of volume and concentration remain consistent. Dilution calculations can be performed using the formula M1V1 M2V2.
Why is the dilution equation used?
To dilute a solution means to add more solvent without the addition of more solute. The resulting solution is thoroughly mixed so as to ensure that all parts of the solution are identical.
What is the formula used to calculate dilutions?
Dilution calculations can be performed using the formula M1V1 M2V2. A serial dilution is a series of stepwise dilutions, where the dilution factor is held constant at each step.
How do you calculate the dilution of a solution?
To dilute a stock solution, the following dilution equation is used: M1 V1 M2 V2. M1 and V1 are the molarity and volume of the concentrated stock solution, and M2 and V2 are the molarity and volume of the diluted solution you want to make.