What are the building blocks of proteins and enzymes?
Biological macromoleculeBuilding blocksExamplesLipidsFatty acids and glycerolFats, phospholipids, waxes, oils, grease, steroidsProteinsAmino acidsKeratin (found in hair and nails), hormones, enzymes, antibodiesNucleic acidsNucleotidesDNA, RNA1 more row
What are enzymes made of?
Enzymes are proteins comprised of amino acids linked together in one or more polypeptide chains. This sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide chain is called the primary structure. This, in turn, determines the three-dimensional structure of the enzyme, including the shape of the active site.
What are the building blocks of proteins?
The building blocks of proteins are amino acids, which are small organic molecules that consist of an alpha (central) carbon atom linked to an amino group, a carboxyl group, a hydrogen atom, and a variable component called a side chain (see below).
What are the building blocks and main functions of proteins?
They help in metabolism by providing structural support and by acting as enzymes, carriers, or hormones. The building blocks of proteins (monomers) are amino acids. Each amino acid has a central carbon that is linked to an amino group, a carboxyl group, a hydrogen atom, and an R group or side chain.