What are longus muscles?

What are longus muscles?

In the human body, the adductor longus is a skeletal muscle located in the thigh. One of the adductor muscles of the hip, its main function is to adduct the thigh and it is innervated by the obturator nerve.

Where are the longus colli muscles found?

cervical vertebral

What is the longus colli tendon?

The longus colli muscle is one of the 4 deep cervical flexor muscles and consists of superior oblique, vertical, and inferior oblique fibers. This muscle provides cervical flexion, ipsilateral flexion, and some rotational movement.

How do you stretch the longus colli muscle?

Begin by lying on the floor with a neck support. Without bending the neck, tuck the chin in and hold for five seconds. Now push the head into the floor without bending the neck, hold for 5 seconds.

What is the longus?

The longus colli muscle (Latin for long muscle of the neck) is a muscle of the human body. The longus colli is situated on the anterior surface of the vertebral column, between the atlas and the third thoracic vertebra.

What does the longus capitis muscle do?

This muscular band attaches onto the region of the occiput anterior to the foramen magnum and posterior to the pharyngeal tubercle. The longus capitis muscle functions to flex the head (Cagnie et al., 2010) and is innervated by branches of the anterior primary divisions of C1 to C3.

What is abductor longus muscle?

cervical vertebral

What is the function of the longus colli muscle?

Function. As well as acting with the other cervical flexors to produce neck flexion, Longus Colli has been shown to have a postural function on cervical curvature, counteracting the lordosis increment related to the weight of the head and to the contraction of the posterior cervical muscles.

Where is the longus and capital is found?

The longus colli and capitis are deep muscles of the anterior neck. As a group, they attach to the anterior bodies and transverse processes from T3 all the way to the cranium (Figure 17). Because they cross the cervical spinal joints anteriorly, they are flexors of the neck.

Is longus colli a spinal flexor?

The longus colli muscle is a prevertebral muscle of the neck that is innervated by the anterior rami of C2-C6 from the cervical plexus. Longus colli is a weak flexor the cervical spine and when contracting unilaterally it tilts and rotates the cervical spine to the ipsilateral side.

Where does the longus capitis muscle insert?

Insertion. The longus capitis muscle inserts in to the basilar part of the occipital bone that is the wedge-like portion of the occipital bone that lies anterior to the foramen magnum. At their insertion at the basiocciput the longus capitis muscles lay adjacent to one another alongside the pharyngeal tubercles.

What is the function of the longus colli?

Function. As well as acting with the other cervical flexors to produce neck flexion, Longus Colli has been shown to have a postural function on cervical curvature, counteracting the lordosis increment related to the weight of the head and to the contraction of the posterior cervical muscles.

Where is the longus colli?

The left and right longus colli muscles (see Fig. 4-6) are located along the anterior aspect of the cervical vertebral bodies. Each of these muscles consists of three parts: vertical, inferior oblique, and superior oblique.

What is longus colli tendinitis?

Acute calcific longus colli tendinitis, also known as retropharyngeal or acute calcific prevertebral tendinitis, is a reactive self-limiting inflammatory response to acute or subacute deposition of amorphous calcium hydroxyapatite crystals in the tendons of the longus colli muscle, anterior to the C1C2 disk space.

What causes calcific longus colli tendinitis?

Acute calcific tendinitis of the longus colli musclealso known as retropharyngeal calcific tendinitisis a rare and benign condition caused by basic calcium phosphate deposition in the tendons of the longus colli muscle that is accompanied by an aseptic inflammatory process.

How do you release a longus colli?

Therefore, longus colli muscle massage can be performed for patients who cannot perform neck-stabilizing exercises or before performing other neck-stabilizing exercises.

Can you massage longus colli?

Function. As well as acting with the other cervical flexors to produce neck flexion, Longus Colli has been shown to have a postural function on cervical curvature, counteracting the lordosis increment related to the weight of the head and to the contraction of the posterior cervical muscles.

What does the longus capitis do?

In the human body, the adductor longus is a skeletal muscle located in the thigh. One of the adductor muscles of the hip, its main function is to adduct the thigh and it is innervated by the obturator nerve.

Why is it called longus capitis?

The longus capitis muscle functions to flex the head (Cagnie et al., 2010) and is innervated by branches of the anterior primary divisions of C1 to C3.

What is the action of longus capitis muscle?

The longus capitis muscle is responsible for much of the neck’s mobility. It allows the neck to twist and flex. When the neck muscles contract to initiate a movement, the head is also moved. With the longus capitis muscle, a person can turn his or her head in one direction by moving the neck.

What is the function of the splenius capitis?

Function. Bilaterally, the splenius capitis muscles extend and hyper-extend the head and neck. However, acting unilaterally, the muscle flexes and rotates the head and neck to the same side; particularly in the superior and inferior lateral oblique movements.

What is the anatomical action of the longus capitis and longus colli muscles?

Longus capitis muscle.OriginAnterior tubercles of transverse processes of C3-C6ActionBilateral contraction – head flexion; Unilateral contraction – head rotation (ipsilateral)3 more rows

What is an adductor longus?

Adductor longus is one of the adductor muscles of the medial thigh. This large fan-shaped muscle is situated most anteriorly of this group and covers the middle part of adductor magnus and the anterior part of adductor brevis.

What causes adductor longus pain?

Adductor strain is a common cause of groin injury and pain among athletes. Risk factors include previous hip or groin injury, age, weak adductors, muscle fatigue, decreased range of motion, and inadequate stretching of the adductor muscle complex.

How is adductor longus muscle treated?

Most adductor muscle strains respond to conservative treatment. Initial treatment includes activity modification, which may temporarily include crutches. Ice and anti-inflammatory medication are appropriate for acute muscle strains. As symptoms improve, gentle stretching and strengthening exercises are appropriate.

Leave a Comment