Identify The Electrophilic Site In The Following Molecule

Identify The Electrophilic Site In The Following Molecule

Identify the electrophilic site in the following molecule. A. C B. O C. B D. No electrophilic site 39.

What is the electrophilic Centre in CH3CHO?

The electrophilic centre in CH3CHO is aldehydic carbon i.e., carbon bonded with Oxygen as oxygen is a more electronegative element. Due to the electronegativity difference between carbon and oxygen atom, there is a partial positive charge on the carbon atom and a partial negative charge on the Oxygen atom.

Is ch3+ A Electrophile?

The `CH_3^(plus)` is a positively charged electron-deficient species having a vacant orbital on the carbon. <br> It is an electrophile.

Is BF3 an electrophile?

Boron has an empty 2p orbital and there exists a strong partial positive charge on the boron due to the extremely electronegative fluorine atoms covalently bound to boron. This strong partial positive character, coupled with a vacant orbital, makes BF3 a potent Lewis acid and thus an electrophile.

Is NH3 an electrophile or nucleophile?

Ammonia doesn’t carry a negative charge. But it has a lone pair of electrons. And nitrogen is more electronegative than hydrogen, so the nitrogen atom has a δ⁻ charge. So NH3 can act as a nucleophile and attack the δ⁺ C atom of an alkyl halide.

Is so3 an electrophile?

The answer is “Yes”. Reason: SO3 is a highly polar molecule with a positive charge on the sulphur atom. It attracts the ring electrons.

Is ch3oh a nucleophile or electrophile?

CH 3 OH is a weak nucleophile. It has an OH bond from which a hydrogen ion can be donated and on deprotonation, it can become a nucleophile.

Why is BH3 an electrophile?

Electrophiles are actually atoms and molecules known to be electron deficient and that carries a partial positive charge and will seek an electron pair to form a covalent bond. In BH3 there is an empty p orbital which is why it is also electron-deficient and called an Electrophile.

Is CO2 an electrophile?

CO2 is a weak electrophile. Its reaction with basic water illustrates this property, in which case hydroxide is the nucleophile.

Which of the following is electrophile nh3 NO2 CN?

An electrophile is a species that needs electrons. It is either positively charged or electron deficient. Therefore, (b)H+, (c)Br+, (d)BH3, (f)CH3−C⊕=O and (h)N⊕O2 are electrophiles.

Is nh3 an electrophile?

Ammonia can act as both electrophile and nucleophile depending on the need for the reaction. Theoretically, ammonia doesn’t have any vacant orbital, therefore, cannot accept any electron. But still, it acts as an electrophile when a strong base attracts the hydrogen of NH3 forming an amide.

Is nh3 an electrophile?

Which is an electrophile nh4+ SO3?

CH⊕3 is a positively charged species hence, it is an electrophile. CO2 and SO3 are electrophiles due to the polar Π− bond. NH⊕4 or H3O⊕ are not electrophile but if they release H+ ion , then it acts as an electrophile.

Is ccl4 an electrophile?

$ CC{l_4} $ is an electrophile because chlorine has vacant d orbitals and thus are attracted to an electron-rich centre.

Is H2O an electrophile or nucleophile?

Water is an electrophile. It acts as an electrophile as each hydrogen atom has a positive (◊+) charge. Further, it behaves as an electrophile as water molecules can release a proton and form a bond with a nucleophile. However, water is also a nucleophile.

Is CH4 a nucleophile or electrophile?

For example, methane(CH4) is neither an electrophile nor a nucleophile. The centre atom of carbon has no lone pairs to share with a filled octet, and thus no interest in gaining electrons too.

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