How is a waterfall landform formed?
Waterfalls often form in the upper stages of a river where it flows over different bands of rock. It erodes soft rock more quickly than hard rock and this may lead to the creation of a waterfall. The soft rock erodes more quickly, undercutting the hard rock. A steep-sided gorge is formed as the waterfall retreats.
Where is a waterfall landform located?
A waterfall is a point in a river or stream where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops. Waterfalls also occur where meltwater drops over the edge of a tabular iceberg or ice shelf.
What are the characteristics of waterfalls?
One of the characteristic features associated with waterfalls of any great magnitude, with respect to volume of flow as well as to height, is the presence of a plunge pool, a basin that is scoured out of the river channel beneath the falling water.
Is a waterfall a fluvial landform?
The erode rock and deposit sediment and broken rock elsewhere producing distinctive fluvial landforms.